Morcha literally means, a battlefront, and in the current parlance of
political struggle, particularly amongst the Sikhs, an issue of confrontation
with the Government. Whenever the Sikh people are persuaded that the
Government of the day is acting in a manner which is basically hostile
to the fundamental Sikh interests, they create or seek for a situation
in which the Government has to enforce its statutory laws by penalizing
the Sikhs. Thus, a situation develops in which bands of Sikhs come forth
to undergo penalties of the law with a view to assert the supremacy
of their own metalegal fundamental interests. Such a confrontation is
given the name of a morcha.
The term has now traveled even into the non-Sikh
circles where similar situations are named as morchas by the parties
contending against the Government of the day on a particular issue.