SIKH CODE OF CONDUCT AND
The Definition of Sikh :
Any human being who faithfully believes in
i. One Immortal Being,
ii. Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak Sahib to Guru Gobind
iii. The Guru Granth Sahib,
iv. The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and
v. the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does
not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a Sikh
A Sikh's life has two aspects :
or personal and corporate or Panthic.
A Sikh's Personal Life
A Sikh's personal life should comprehend:-
i. Meditation on Nam (Divine Substance, also translated
as the God's attributed self) and the scriptures,
ii. Leading life according to the Guru's teachings and
iii. Altruistic voluntary service.
Meditating on Nam (Divine Substance) and Scriptures
1. A Sikh should wake up in the ambrosial hours (three
hours before the dawn), take bath and, concentrating his/her
thoughts on One Immortal Being, repeat the name Waheguru
(Wondrous Destroyer of darkness).
2. He/she should recite the following scriptural compositions
every day :
a. The Japu, the Jaapu and the Ten Sawayyas (Quartets)
- beginning "Sarwag sudh"-- in the morning.
b. Sodar Rehras comprising the following compositions:-
i) nine hymns of the Guru Granth Sahib, occuring in the
holy book after the Japuji Sahib, (The Phrase in Italic
has been interpolated by the translator to help locate
the hymns more conveniently.) the first of which begins
with "Sodar" and the last of which ends with "saran pare ki rakho sarma",
ii) The Benti Chaupai of the tenth Guru (beginning "hamri
karo hath dai rachha" and ending with "dusht dokh te leho
iii) the Sawayya beginning with the words "pae gahe jab
iv) the Dohira beginning with the words "sagal duar kau
v) the first five and the last pauris (stanzas) of Anand
Sahib (The object of reciting the Anand as part of Sodar
Rehras or at the conclusion of the congregational gathering
is just to express joy and gratitude for the communion
with the Guru ) and.
vi) the Mundawani and the slok Mahla 5 beginning "tera
kita jato nahi"- in the evening after sunset.
(c) The Sohila - to be recited at night before going to
bed. The morning and evening recitations should be concluded
with the Ardas (formal supplication litany).
3 (a)The text (This is a model of the Ardas. It may be
adapted to different occasions and for different purposes.
However, the initial composition with "Pritham Bhagauti......"
and the concluding phrases commencing "Nanak Nam" must
not be altered.) of the Ardas : (LIT. Supplication or prayer.
in reality, It is a litany comprehending very briefly the
whole gamut of Sikh History and enumerating all that Sikhism
holds sacred. Portions of it are invocations and prayer
for the grant of strength and virtue. It concludes with
: O Nanak, may the Nam (Holy) be ever in ascendance :
in Thy will, may the good of all prevail !
One absolute Manifest; victory belongeth to the Wondrous
Destroyer of darkness. May the might of the All-powerful
Ode to his might by the tenth lord.
Having first thought of the Almighty's prowess, let us
think of Guru Nanak. Then of Guru Angad, Amardas and Ramdas
- may they be our rescuers! Remember, then, Arjan, Hargobind
and Har Rai. Meditate then on revered Har Krishan
on seeing whom all suffering vanishes. Think then of Teg
Bahadar, remembrance of whom brings all nine treasures.
He comes to rescue every where. Then of the tenth Lord,
revered Guru Gobind Singh, who comes to rescue every where.
The embodiment of the light of all ten sovereign lordships,
the Guru Granth - think of the view and reading of it
and say, "Waheguru (Wondrous Destroyer of Darkness)".
Meditating on the achievement of the dear and truthful
ones, including the five beloved ones, the four sons of
the tenth Guru, forty liberated ones, steadfast ones,
constant repeaters of the Divine Name, those given to
assiduous devotion, those who repeated the Nam, shared
their fare with others, ran free kitchen, wielded the
sword and everlooked faults and shortcomings, say "Waheguru",
Meditating on the achievement of the male and female members
of the Khalsa who laid down their lives in the cause of
Dharma (religion and righteousness), got their bodies
dismembered bit by bit, got their skulls sawn off, got
mounted on spiked wheels, got their bodies sawn, made
sacrifices in the service of the shrines (Gurdwaras),
did not betray their faith, sustained their adherence
to the Sikh faith with unshorn hair uptill their last
breath, say "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness", O Khalsa.
Thinking of the five thrones (of sikh religious authority)
and all Gurdwaras, say "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness",
Now it is the prayer of the whole Khalsa, May the conscience
of the whole Khalsa be informed by Waheguru, Waheguru,
Waheguru and, in consequence of such remembrance, may
total well-being obtain. Wherever there are communities
of the Khalsa, may there be Divine protection and grace,
the ascendance of the supply of needs and of the holy
sword, Protection of the tradition of grace, victory of
the Panth, the succour of the holy sword, ascendance
of the Khalsa. Say, O Khalsa, "Wondrous Destroyrer of
Unto the Sikhs the gift of the Sikh faith, the gift of
the untrimmed hair, the gift of the discipline of their
faith, the gift of sense of discrimination, the gift of
trust, the gift of confidence, above all, the gift of
meditation on the Divine and bath in Amritsar (holy tank
of Harmander Sahib, Amritsar). May hymns-singing missionary parties, the
flags, the hostels, abide from age to age. May righteousness
reign supreme. Say, "Wondrous Destroyer of darkness."
May the Khalsa be imbued with humility and high wisdom!
May Waheguru guard its understanding!
O Immortal Being, eternal helper of Thy panth, benevolent
Lord, bestow on the Khalsa the beneficence of unobstructed
visit to and free management of Nankana Sahib (Pakistan) and other
shrines and places of the Guru from which the Panth has
O Thou, the honour of the humble, the strength of the
weak, aid unto those who have none to rely on, True Father,
Wondrous Destroyer of darkness, we humbly render to you
.......... (Mention here the name of the scriptural composition
that has been recited or, in appropriate terms, the object
for which the congregation has been held.) Pardon any
impermissible accretions, omissions, errors, mistakes. Fulfil the purposes of all.
Grant us the association of those dear ones, on meeting
whom one is reminded of Your name. O Nanak, may the Nam
(Holy) be ever in ascendance! in Thy will may the good
of all prevail!
b) On the conclusion of the Ardas, the entire congregation
participating in the Ardas should respectfully genuflect
before the revered Guru Granth Sahib, then stand up and call
out, "The Khalsa is of the Wondrous Destroyer of darkness
: victory also is His." The Congregation should, thereafter,
raise the loud spirited chant of Sat Sri Akal (True is the
c) While the Ardas is being performed, all men and women
in congregation should stand with hands folded. The person
in attendance of Guru Granth Sahib should keep waving the
d) The person who performs the Ardas should stand facing
the Guru Granth Sahib with hands folded. If Guru Granth
is not there, performing the Ardas facing any direction
e) When any special Ardas for and on behalf of one or
more persons is offered, it is not necessary for persons
in the congregation other than that person or those persons
to stand up.